use of permanent places of worship

Page 1 Question 1. 1. (TCO 1) A common element often found in religions is: (Points : 4) respect for sculpture. feelings of wonder. rules governing meditation. use of permanent places of worship. Question 2. 2. (TCO 1) Belief in one God is called: (Points : 4) monotheism. polytheism. atheism. agnosticism. Question 3. 3. (TCO 2) Who was the American psychologist who viewed religion as a positive way of fulfilling needs and praised its positive influence on the lives of individuals? (Points : 4) James Frazer Carl Gustav Jung Sigmund Freud William James Question 4. 4. (TCO 4) Who was the French sociologist who argued that religious behavior is relative to the society in which it is found and that a society will use a religion to reinforce its own values? (Points : 4) William James Wilhelm Schmidt Carl Gustav Jung Emile Durkheim Question 5. 5. (TCO 4) Name the American psychologist who viewed religion as positive way of fulfilling needs and praised its positive influence on the lives of individuals. (Points : 4) James Frazer Carl Gustav Jung E.B. Tylor William James Question 6. 6. (TCO 8) Vedic religion was: (Points : 4) patriarchal and polytheistic. matriarchal and polytheistic. monotheistic. monistic. Question 7. 7. (TCO 8) The term meaning non-harm or nonviolence is: (Points : 4) moksha. guru. ahimsa. maya. Question 8. 8. (TCO 9) The moral law of cause and effect that determines the direction of rebirth is: (Points : 4) ahimsa. karma. shakti. puja. Question 9. 9. (TCO 10) The most accurate descriptor of Jainism is: (Points : 4) polytheistic. monotheistic. atheistic. nontheistic. Question 10. 10. (TCO 8) According to the Buddha, his teachings must be: (Points : 4) accepted on faith. experienced by oneself. memorized and chanted. spread by missionaries. Question 11. 11. (TCO 8) The Buddhist term for sorrow or suffering is: (Points : 4) dukkha. tanha. anatta. anichcha. Question 12. 12. (TCO 8) By his teachings, Confucius hoped to: (Points : 4) counter the influx of Buddhism into China. produce virtuous people and create a harmonious society. make a break with the past and focus China on the future. draw people closer to Tian (Heaven). Question 13. 13. (TCO 8) Confucius thought the most important relationship was: (Points : 4) ruler-subject. husband-wife. father-son. friend-friend. Question 14. 14. (TCO 9) Which is not a Daoist value? (Points : 4) Simplicity Spontaneity Sensing movements of nature Formal education Question 15. 15. (TCO 9) In Zhuangzi’s (Chuang Tzu’s) famous dream, he was not certain that he was not: (Points : 4) Confucius. an ox. a butterfly. a Daoist. Question 16. 16. (TCO 5) All of the following ancient world religions are minor religions except: (Points : 4) Shinto. Buddhism. Taoism. Jainism. Question 17. 17. (TCO 11) Taoism does not have this element of a major world religion. (Points : 4) An overall worldview of the universe Myths about the origin of the universe A shared religious community Specific rules of human behavior Question 18. 18. (TCO 6) A contract between the Hebrews and their God was called a: (Points : 4) mitzvah. covenant. yarmulke. commandment. Question 19. 19. (TCO 6) The sacred core of the Hebrew Bible is called the: (Points : 4) Torah. Talmud. Writings. Prophets. Question 20. 20. (TCO 6) God first appeared to Moses in: (Points : 4) an Egyptian slave. a cloud on Mt. Sinai. a burning bush. the Red Sea. Question 21. 21. (TCO 7) Jesus sometimes summed up his teachings in: (Points : 4) ten commandments. one commandment. two commandments. five commandments. Question 22. 22. (TCO 7) Letters written in the New Testament to instruct, encourage, and solve problems are called: (Points : 4) Gospels. Epistles. Acts. Revelations. Question 23. 23. (TCO 6) Muslims believe in: (Points : 4) resurrection of the body. a final judgment. neither a resurrection of the body nor a final judgment. both a resurrection of the body and a final judgment. Question 24. 24. (TCO 6) The month of fasting, the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, is known as: (Points : 4) Id al-Adha. Kabah. Ramadan. Qur’an. Question 25. 25. (TCO 12) The Baha’is found a messianic figure in: (Points : 4) a young Persian aristocrat, Baha’u’llah. an Ethiopian king. a writer of science fiction. a Jamaican farmer. 1. (TCO 4) Compare and contrast Carl Gustav Jung’s theory about the origin of religions with William James’s theory. How do each of these psychologists view religion (positively or negatively)? Next, analyze how the insights of Jung or James might illuminate your religious tradition or the tradition with which you are the most familiar. How would Jung or James understand that tradition? Use specific examples to support your answer (e.g., a specific belief or ritual). (Points : 50) Question 2. 2. (TCO 9) Identify and analyze the Theravada and Mahayana forms of Buddhism. Include in this answer: a) specific countries where they are found, b) differing views of the Buddha, and c) differing ideals as to how one should live one’s life. Make sure you use enough details to support your answer. (Points : 50) Question 3. 3. (TCO 3) Explain and evaluate Anselm’s Ontological Argument for the existence of God: God cannot be conceived not to exist. God is that, than which nothing greater can be conceived. That which can be conceived not to exist is not God. AND it assuredly exists so truly, that it cannot be conceived not to exist. For, it is possible to conceive of a being which cannot be conceived not to exist; and this is greater than one which can be conceived not to exist. Hence, if that, than which nothing greater can be conceived, can be conceived not to exist, it is not that, than which nothing greater can be conceived. But this is an irreconcilable contradiction. There is, then, so truly a being than which nothing greater can be conceived to exist, that it cannot even be conceived not to exist;. and this being you are, O Lord, our God. So truly, therefore, do you exist, O Lord, my God, that you can not be conceived not to exist; and rightly. For, if a mind could conceive of a being better than you, the creature would rise above the Creator; and this is most absurd. And, indeed, whatever else there is, except you alone, can be conceived not to exist. To you alone, therefore, it belongs to exist more truly than all other beings, and hence in a higher degree than all others. For, whatever else exists does not exist so truly, and hence in a less degree it belongs to it to exist. Why, then, has the fool said in his heart, there is no God (Psalms xiv. 1), since it is so evident, to a rational mind, that you do exist in the highest degree of all? Why, except that he is dull and a fool? Briefly explain and then evaluate this proof for the existence of God. (Points : 50) Question 4. 4. (TCO 11) Identify and analyze three basic patterns in indigeneous religions. Use examples from African religions to support your answer. (Points : 50)