Three assignments were for neutral summaries

The paper has to be in Times New Roman and in 11 point font.

I had to create a question that has to do with opoids because we are reading about the opoid epidemic. I am going to include below what the teacher has on the website since I do not see a rubric.

Context for the reader:

In a summary, make sure the reader knows what you are summarizing; several of you are still omitting the title of the article, the name of the author, and the title of the publication from whence it came.

Similarly, in your argument papers, you’re going to be pulling material from multiple sources, so it’s even more important to give the reader context and let him or her know when you’re switching from one source to another.

Use of sources:

These first three assignments were for neutral summaries, so I did take off some for editorializing. Obviously, your researched argument is going to have much more room for your own opinion, but never feel like you have to compliment or fawn over the authors.

Cite details; if you include significant details from a source, even if you are not quoting them directly, cite them. This step is particularly important when you are working with multiple sources.


After referring to an author or anyone else (such as a person being interviewed) the first time by his or her full name, refer back to that person by the last name.

An author doesn’t “go off” on a topic; he or she discusses it in detail! 😉


I saw several sentence fragments that need attached to the sentences just before them. If I marked FR on your paper, see if the fragment can be corrected simply by attaching it to the sentence before it (not always, but probably 80% of the time, this simple step will do the trick).

Some folks need to review the rules on apostrophe use (remember, no apostrophe in a word that is plural but not possessive, and never an apostrophe in a verb).

Read your drafts out loud! I know this wasn’t really an option for the in-class summaries, but it is for the outside papers, and believe me, you want to do it.

Remember that we discuss written works in the present tense (“Laws writes. . . ” “Quiniones argues. . . “).

Also, above all, we want consistent tense within the same sentence – past, present, (rarely) future – pick one and stick with it!

Finally, on the subject of verbs, S-V means there’s a subject-verb agreement error in the sentence. I saw several cases similar to the following:

The aim of the DEA agents were to. . .

I see what’s going on there: the student has matched the verb “were” to the noun “agents,” But remember that the object of a prepositional phrase (“of the DEA agents”) can never be the subject of a verb. The subject of the verb is aim: The aim was. . .

Watch for unclear pronoun references: “Serving at the cafe provides important work experience, an opportunity to receive therapy, and a sense of community; this helps the. . ” What the heck is THIS? A lot of different concepts were in that prior sentence.

The paper is due tomorrow at 11pm.

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