Developmental research designs

  1. Researcher summarizes the data from a large number of people who have taken a particular test, so any individual’s score on this test can be compared against others of his or her age. This is known as

a. predictive validity.

b. predictive reliability.

c. the usability of the test.

d. test standardization.

  1. Which of the following is/are TRUE regarding the use of computers to collect data?

a. Computers are used to collect information about people’s abilities, decisions, and even people’s brain activity.

b. Computers eliminate the errors of human observers.

c. If a person is “computer anxious,” it can lower their score on the ability being measured.

d. All of these statements are true.

  1. _ specify who will be studied, when data will be collected, and how the research team will interact with participants.

a. Observational designs

b. Archival models

c. Research designs

d. Metamodels

  1. Research designs include three basic approaches. Which of the following is NOT one of these basic approaches?

a. case studies

b. experiments

c. correlational studies

d. standardized testing

  1. Developmental research designs include __ as a variable in order to study development change.

a. age

b. gender

c. physical changes

d. socialization

  1. A(n)__ is an in-depth study of a particular person.

a. archival study

b. case study

c. correlational study

d. developmental experiment

  1. A case study is a(n)

a. in-depth study of a particular person.

b. association between two variables.

c. research method for discovering cause-and-effect relationships.

d. summary of information found in existing records.

  1. __ are often used for exploring unusual circumstances, such as peculiar behaviors produced by brain injury.

a. Cross-sectional studies

b. Correlational studies

c. Case studies

d. Developmental experiments

  1. A six-year-old child was rescued from an attic where she had been isolated by her abusive parents since she was a year old. Except for her daily feeding, she had virtually no human contact. She was taken to the University’s Teaching Hospital to try to rehabilitate her delayed condition. Information regarding t

his child’s atypical development and her subsequent “recovery” will most likely constitute a(n)

a. cross-sequential study.

b. correlational study.

c. developmental experiment.

d. case study.

  1. A psychologist keeps an in-depth record regarding the progress of each of her clients. This record is similar to which research design?

a. a cross-sectional study

b. a cross-sequential study

c. a case study

d. a developmental experiment

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