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the garment industry, were morally wrong, ous North American owever, I found sur-aware and educated hat sweatshops are a moral area. Through wrong,” “yes or no, . our duty as moral, this realization can lly indifferent, there nethical. The defini-lg to ethics teachers ‘atshop is are subject to – health and tic forced r a 48-hour itisfy basic fin 1. For exarriPle, r of cotton Per (137,,1 estcid° . carrY P/
p.,,–tlic onto trficessccf:rildcr.einl’s. amrtenyseiri d is • water bottles, a practice usiiiid:Italiamnds :Pr Padeisttiiciidtheis: results in •skin burns as 11- shops violate globally recognized basic l not because it benefits them to Sweat t-hfese”‘xpense of the exploited, who are not fairly 0 eatshop Orr , commonsense SnPmiLd’StrnillioCIssPebirly°selthnelodr(a)Impirneasnutmmpotiroani tahgeaoi shop employers is wrong because it is unwfaoirrk: ployers could afford to pay their k ■ , pay as little as po * c abour rights • ‘ co ssible. Esse • rriPensated (m, ing conditions (Ar a etrhsem number o hto hurs in . , including th more, but exploiters iteanylidion Essential) st.hat sweatsho economic expPlositca°tirr’)tn wrh elh Irlisets of todaYll (1). The exa)yl eg.ra-2:111.4a:t and violation of Y, sweat.. to freedom from forced labour, the right to a limit d a p oitation the ri ht workers’ human rights would probably lead workday, and the right to just and favourable wo ek* and Hartman 6). The evidence of blatant ex 1 r an ethical consumer to con-clude that sweatshops are morally wrong. e tidy problems If only the problem were that simple. For thoseside to the r t ose who like ‘ with clear solutions, it is disturbing to find th h ; irst rung on the ladder at there is another • out of extreme poverty” (Sachs 11). The 11 sweatshop debate. To begin with, sweatshops are “the f y a ow developing countries to expand their exports and consequently to improve their economies (Arnold and Hartman 2). Workers (usually women) choose towori n sweatshops k because they are often the only means by which women can further their own ends. By working in sweatshops, women make a s 11 ma income, learn about business practices, and benefit from the improved social and economic con-ditions that come with economic growth. Arnold and Hartman explain that as the economy grows, more jobs are created; the labour market tightens, and companies are forced to improve their working conditions in order to attract employees (2-3). Theoretically, this analysis makes sense, but does it apply in practice? Do employees really benefit from working in sweatshops? 5 As I dug deeper into the research, I was surprised to learn that in some cases, sweatshops can have positive effects. A clear example is Bangladesh’s garment industry. Thousands of women, mostly between the ages of eighteen and twenty-five, work in sweatshops to cut, stitch, and package clothing for common brands, such as GAP and Walmart, that are sold in Europe and North America (Sachs 11). Economic advisor Jeffrey Sachs reports that his interviews with Bangladeshi women working in sweatshops revealed an unexpected reality. Although all of the women admitted that they worked long hours, were subject to harassment, and were denied labour rights, they also affirmed that the job provided an opportunity greater than theyfcou otherwise have hoped for and that it had improved the quality of their e lives (Sachs 12). With their small income, the women experienced some literacy . to i —riY, and choose when they wanted to have children. . improve their living conditions or to return the opportunity to manage their , d whom they wanted independence. Earning a salary gave them t to n-, °wn finances, have their own rooms, choose when and _ 6 hildren. I hey could save S Trove their in an Sweatshops provide work that is difficult an , to school to in sweatshop had — previously depressed region o iously been unavailable, even unth d underpaid, but any job an opportunity that cy or job-market skills. garment . d 110,-,; c,‘- in their early teens and to begin Fing to change attitudes toward -war in the highly patriarcl 1 work, women have no choice but to submit , aa. society of iAng . nornY nen• tiers won’t 1 of ; children. `l ,he e , ‘likable. Encouraginb Y: ,, in _, e n ladesh, sweatshops are _ 1…, 50/0 Crpi yiar in tn bmit to arranged mar-Without the optioi ii because of the l ‘ vidence sug-gests that h riao,,,, • , ; bearing – In ustry, Bangladesh’s eco has grown u)
Part 8: Readin