author-date referencing

Harvard style is an author-date referencing system. It has two components: 1. In-text citation: a partial reference to the source you are citing in the text of your paper, including the author surname and date of publication in brackets: (Smith 1998). 2. The reference list: contains a complete list of all the resources you have cited in your work. It is usually placed at the end of the document. Entries in the reference list must be in agreement to the in-text citations. What is referencing? Referencing, or citing, is an essential component of academic writing, as it acknowledges the sources of information you have used to complete your assignments. Referencing is important because it: • ensures that you are not open to accusations of plagiarism • identifies your sources and enables readers to locate them • acknowledges copyright and shows respect to the author for their work • demonstrates the validity or credibility of your arguments • demonstrates the extent to which you know the relevant literature • avoid plagiarism and academic misconduct (What is academic integrity and academic misconduct?) Plagiarism is taking the words or ideas of others and using it as your own without acknowledging the creator or source. It applies to written material as well as images, music, models, experiments websites and computer programs. See also the plagiarism and referencing online tutorial. What do you need to reference? You are required to reference any information, ideas or data that are not your own, including when you have: • quoted another author, word for word • paraphrased or summarised information • defined terms • used tables, statistics or diagrams from a source