Assumed knowledge quiz

Taxation Australia
Assumed knowledge
quiz questions and
solutions
Taxation (2) 2017 (TAXAU)
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Assumed knowledge quiz
Questions
Question 1
Which of the following statements most accurately describes assessable income under s. 6-5?
(a) Assessable income consists of ordinary income and statutory income.
(b) Assessable income includes all amounts over the tax-free threshold of $18,200.
(c) Assessable income is the difference between total incomes less allowable deductions.
(d) Assessable income does not include statutory income.
Question 2
A prepayment for trading stock is not an allowable deduction because:
(a) It is not incurred for the purpose of s. 8-1.
(b) It is incurred under s. 8-1, but is of a capital nature.
(c) It is incurred under s. 8-1, but qualified by s. 70-15 (in that it must be ‘on hand’).
(d) Prepayments are not an allowable deduction under s. 8-1.
Question 3
Jason and Kevin formed a partnership in which it was agreed to share profits and losses
equally. As Kevin would be the more active partner in the business it was agreed that he be
paid a $20,000 salary.
The accountant has finalised the partnership results for the 2016–2017 tax year and has advised
the partners that the partnership net result was a loss of $10,000 after paying Kevin the agreed
salary.
For the purposes of completing the statement of distribution on the partnership tax return, what
is the partnership net income or loss?
(a) Loss of $10,000.
(b) Nil taxable income.
(c) Profit of $10,000
(d) Loss of $30,000.
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Question 4
Which of the following legal jurisdictions is not appropriate if a taxpayer is dissatisfied with an
objection decision, and wishes to appeal the decision?
(a) Administrative Appeals Tribunal (AAT).
(b) Federal Court.
(c) High Court.
(d) District Court.
Question 5
Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the pay as you go (PAYG)
withholding system?
(a) Applies to companies, super funds, and individuals with business or investment income.
(b) It is used to collect income tax, higher education loan program repayments, and Medicare
payments.
(c) The notional tax adjusted for movements in the consumer price index (CPI) payable in
instalments to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO).
(d) The amount withheld from contractors who do not supply an Australian Business Number
(ABN).
Question 6
You are a graduate accountant working in a professional accounting office. You have been
asked to prepare an analysis of which items would be included as assessable income for a client
who is an individual resident taxpayer. From the list below, which items would you include as
assessable income?
1. A trust distribution of $6,000 from the Smith Family Trust.
2. Interest from Australian sources: $600.
3. Interest received from the United Kingdom: $900.
4. Gross-up interest for withholding tax: $100.
5. Dividend from Australian sources: $500.
6. Franking credit for dividend: $214.
7. Recoupment of Medicare: $250.
8. Capital gain from the sale of taxpayer’s home: $200,000.
9. Capital gain from the sale of shares held prior to 20 September 1985.
10. Legacy from the estate of the late L. Jones: $25,000.
11. Income from the estate of the late L. Jones as advised by the trustee: $7,550.
(a) 1, 2, 5, 6, 10, 11.
(b) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 11.
(c) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 11.
(d) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11.
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Question 7
You are provided with the following information on the accounts receivable of Havelock
Limited for the year ended 30 June 2017. What is the amount included in the taxable income for
Havelock Limited based on the cash and accrual methods of deriving income?

Opening debtors (01.07.2016)$300,000
Cash received$600,000
Closing debtors$250,000
Accrual basis
$300,000
$650,000
$550,000
$250,000
Cash basis
$600,000
$600,000
$600,000
$600,000
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

Question 8
Morris Mansfield, aged 55, derived $92,000 in salary and received $3,820 in fully franked
dividends from companies with a corporate tax rate for imputation purposes of 30%. His
deductions, which all relate to earning his salary, totalled $5,780. Morris has the highest level of
private hospital health insurance cover. Tax paid during the 2016–2017 year on Morris’s salary
totalled $29,985.
On the basis of this information, what will be Morris’s tax refund for the 2016–2017 tax year?
Current tax rates (excluding Medicare levy 2%)

Taxable income
$
Tax payable
$
0 – 18,200Nil
18,201 – 37,000Nil + 19% of excess over $18,200
37,001 – 87,0003,572 + 32.5% of excess over $37,000
87,001 – 180,00019,822 + 37% of excess over $87,000
180,001 +54,232 + 47% of excess over $180,000 (includes 2%
temporary budget repair levy)

(a) $8,236.11.
(b) $7,237.40.
(c) $6,598.97.
(d) $8,432.51.
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Question 9
In determining assessable income for a taxpayer carrying on a business, it is necessary
to determine when income is derived. In this case, the taxpayer was a gymnasium, and
accepted prepayments for a 12-month membership. A discount was also offered to encourage
membership.
From case law listed below, which is the most likely to represent the precedent for derivation of
income for prepayments?
(a) FC of T v. Applegate 79 ATC 4307.
(b) FC of T v. Western Suburbs Cinemas Ltd (1952).
(c) RACV Insurance Pty Ltd v. FC of T 74.
(d) Arthur Murray (NSW) Pty Ltd v. FC of T (1965) 114 CLR 314.
Question 10
At 30 June, a company has franking account credits of $19,000 and debits of $20,000. Which of
the following statements is the least likely explanation for this position?
(a) The company has over-franked.
(b) The company has paid less tax than expected.
(c) The company has received less dividends than expected.
(d) The benchmark rate for all dividend distributions was not the same during the tax year
(i.e. 12 months).
Question 11
For tax purposes, private and public companies must be distinguished for which of the
following reasons?
(a) Private companies are taxed at a higher rate.
(b) Dividends paid by private companies can only be franked to 50%.
(c) Certain loans and payments to persons associated with private companies may be deemed
as dividends.
(d) A rebate of tax applies to private company dividends.
Question 12
Phillip Rich is employed by a local bank and receives as part of his salary package a low interest
loan. On 1 April 2016, Phillip borrows $100,000 at 4% to fund the purchase of a residential
property. The benchmark interest rate for fringe benefits tax (FBT) is 5.65%.
Which of the following amounts is the annual taxable value of the loan fringe benefit (before
‘gross-up’)?
(a) $4,000.
(b) $1,650.
(c) $3,235.
(d) $5,650.
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Question 13
Which of the following is not an essential feature of FBT for the FBT year ended 31 March 2017?
(a) FBT is a broad-based consumption tax.
(b) The FBT tax is levied at 49% of the grossed-up value for the current FBT year.
(c) The FBT tax is paid by employers regardless of the type of entity.
(d) FBT is available as a deduction to the employer in respect of benefits provided.
Question 14
For the FBT year commencing 1 April 2016, the telephone bills of Jean Lock are paid by the
employer. The bills totalled $660. Jean contributes $220 to the cost, and the business use is 30%.
What would be the taxable value of the benefit for FBT purposes?
(a) $440.
(b) $462.
(c) $242.
(d) $519.
Question 15
David Brown pays John Stone $50,000 in a non-competition contract not to open a pizza
restaurant in the same suburb as David’s restaurant. He also pays John $5,000 to advertise his
(David’s) restaurant on his (John’s) car. How much income according to ordinary concepts is
earned by John?
(a) $55,000.
(b) $0.
(c) $5,000.
(d) $50,000.
Question 16
Which of the following represents the FBT year of tax?
(a) 1 April to 31 March.
(b) 1 January to 31 December.
(c) 1 July to 30 June.
(d) 1 February to 31 January.
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Question 17
In FCT v. Dixon (1952) 86 CLR 540, the taxpayer voluntarily enlisted in the armed services to
serve as a soldier. Prior to the taxpayer’s enlistment, the Company had sent a circular to its
staff which stated that should any of its staff enlist in the armed services it would endeavour
to make up the difference between their civilian and military wages. In the income year ending
30 June 1943, the taxpayer was paid £104 by way of periodic payments from the Company in
accordance with its earlier undertaking. These payments supplemented his military wages,
providing him with the equivalent of what his civilian wages would have been had he remained
employed by the Company.
Which of the following definitions is most likely to uphold the High Court decision in relation
to the characteristics of ordinary income?
(a) Income has the characteristics of a lump sum benefit.
(b) Income is a quantifiable amount, calculated with reference to a predetermined rate.
(c) Income is periodic, regular, expected and relied upon.
(d) Income can only exist between the relationship of employer and employee.
Question 18
On 1 July 2016, a taxpayer that is not a small business entity acquired a new depreciating asset
at a cost of $3,000,000.
The taxpayer elects to use self-assessment to determine the effective life of the asset. The life
of the asset is six years, with a residual value of $100,000. As the taxpayer wishes to maximise
its deductions for the 2016–2017 tax year, it has chosen to use the diminishing value method in
claiming a deduction for the decline in value of the asset.
What is the decline in value for the year ended 30 June 2017 (ignoring the impact of leap years)?
(a) $483,333.
(b) $500,000.
(c) $1,000,000.
(d) $966,667.
Question 19
Fastforward Pty Ltd is a resident company that is not a small business entity. It acquired a
depreciating asset for $60,000 on 1 October 2016 and first used the asset on the same day solely
for a taxable purpose. The estimated effective life of the asset is eight years and the company
elects to use the prime cost method.
What is the decline in value for the year ended 30 June 2017 (ignoring the impact of leap years)?
(a) $7,500.
(b) $5,625.
(c) $5,610.
(d) $11,250.
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Question 20
Which of the following statements best describes the anti-avoidance provision in Part IVA of the
ITAA 1936?
(a) A scheme, a tax benefit and the dominant or principal purpose of obtaining a tax benefit.
(b) A financing arrangement, a deduction and tax evasion.
(c) Fraud, non-disclosure and non-lodgement of an income tax return.
(d) Voluntary disclosure of tax avoidance, the non-lodgement of the income tax return and tax
evasion.
Question 21
In preparing the business activity statement (BAS) for the period July to September 2015, the
following information is supplied.

$
Total sales that are taxable supplies (including GST)33,000
GST-free sales1,500
Export sales4,400
Purchases related to taxable supplies (including GST)22,000
Input taxed supplies1,100
PAYG income tax instalment5,000
PAYG instalment2,500

What amount will be remitted to the ATO for the September 2015 BAS?
(a) $8,500.
(b) $8,400.
(c) $8,800.
(d) $8,900.
Question 22
Elis Yang, a dentist, commenced practice on 1 July 2015 when she purchased the client base
and the premises of a retiring dentist. During the year ended 30 June 2017, Elis incurred the
following expenses:

10 July 2017Replaced the front window of the surgery which had rotted – $2,000
16 August 2017Removed part of the front fence to allow patients better access to the car park – $1,000
4 May 2017Replaced three roof tiles after a tree branch had fallen over the roof – $200

What will be the deduction claimed for repairs under s. 25-10 for the year ended 30 June 2017?
(a) $200.
(b) $3,000.
(c) $1,000.
(d) Nil.
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Question 23
An individual taxpayer carries on a business in their own name. Assume the business does
not satisfy the definition of a small business entity. The individual incurred the following
expenditure in connection with obtaining a 10-year bank loan of $200,000 at a rate of 7.5% from
31 March 2017:

Legal fees$1,600
Procuration fees$400
Valuation of security (taxpayer’s home)$80

The loan proceeds were used by the taxpayer as follows:

Discharge of existing mortgage on taxpayer’s home$40,000
Expansion of factory$100,000
Financing working capital needs of taxpayer’s business$60,000

What is the total deductions the taxpayer can claim on their 30 June 2017 income tax return?
(a) $3,820.
(b) $2,992.
(c) $3,740.
(d) $3,072.
Question 24
The small business entity (SBE) provisions contain the following capital allowance concessions
for depreciating assets:

DescriptionMethodDepreciation rate
Asset cost less than threshold
The threshold is:
• From 1 Jan 2014 (excluding
the period from 7:30pm
12 May 2015 to 30 Jun 2017) –
$1,000
• For the period from 7:30pm
12 May 2015 to 30 June 2017 –
$20,000
Immediate write-off100%
Asset cost greater than threshold
and acquired in current year
Allocate to a general small business
pool
15% diminishing value
Asset cost greater than threshold
and acquired in prior year
Allocate to a general small business
pool
30% diminishing value

Lauritz operates a restaurant. The restaurant is a small business entity (SBE) and Lauritz has
chosen to apply the SBE capital allowance concessions.
The fixed asset register maintained by Lauritz shows that the restaurant business first used all
of the following assets from 1 July 2016.
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DescriptionCost
$
Estimated life
(years)
Tables 60 @ $400 each24,00013
Chairs 180 @ $150 each27,00013
Refrigeration unit30,00010
Oven25,00020
Cooking hotplate22,00020
Stainless steel bench28,00013
Cutlery and crockery21,0005

What is Lauritz’s tax deduction from the use of the assets in income year ended 30 June 2017?
(a) $72,000.
(b) $87,750.
(c) $26,550.
(d) $103,500.
Question 25
Jordon Electrics Pty Ltd (JEL) is a resident private company. It provided the following
information in relation to the current income tax year:

$
Accounting net profit800,000
Details of amounts included in the accounting net profit:
Accounting depreciation90,000
Profit on disposal of capital assets150,000
Provision for long service leave160,000
Provision for doubtful debts60,000
Details of amounts not included in the accounting net profit:
Net capital gain80,000
Depreciation for taxation purposes120,000
Bad debts written off30,000

What is JEL’s taxable income in the current income year?
(a) $1,040,000.
(b) $890,000.
(c) $920,000.
(d) $500,000.
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Question 26
Bowen Night Pty Ltd (Bowen) is a resident private company and is not a small business entity
(i.e. it has a corporate tax rate of 30%). Its taxable income (excluding franking credits) for the
current income tax year is $248,000, comprising trading income of $200,000, dividend income
of $28,000 that is fully franked from a resident public company with a corporate tax rate for
imputation purposes of 30%, and dividends of $20,000 that are franked to 70% from a resident
private company with a corporate tax rate for imputation purposes of 30%.
What is Bowen’s net tax payable for the current income tax year?
(a) $79,800.
(b) $74,400.
(c) $61,800.
(d) $60,000.
Question 27
Leisure Goods Pty Ltd (Leisure) is a resident private company. It has income from the provision
of professional services of $180,000 per quarter and realised capital gains of $6,000. The
instalment rate issued by the Commissioner of Taxation is 12%.
What is Leisure’s PAYG amount per quarter?
(a) $21,600.
(b) $22,320.
(c) $27,000.
(d) $54,000.
Question 28
On 1 May 2017, Ritz Limited (Ritz), a car manufacturer, ordered parts from the United States.
The invoice price at this order date was $US250,000 and the exchange rate was A$1.00 = US$0.65.
The goods were delivered on 21 May 2017 when the exchange rate was A$1.00 = US$0.65.
However, when the account was paid, on 15 June 2017, the exchange rate was A$1.00 = US$0.60.
What is Ritz’s foreign exchange gain or loss for taxation purposes for the income year ended 30
June 2017?
(a) $12,500 gain.
(b) No exchange gain or loss.
(c) $12,500 loss.
(d) $32,052 loss.
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Question 29
During the current income tax year a taxpayer, Adele Ho, made a capital gain of $100,000 from
the sale of land and a capital loss of $10,000 from the sale of shares. She also has prior year carry
forward capital losses from the sale of shares that total $30,000. Adele elects to use the capital
gains tax (CGT) discount method to determine her net capital gain.
What is Adele’s assessable net capital gain for the current income tax year?
(a) $30,000.
(b) $60,000.
(c) $15,000.
(d) $45,000.
Question 30
Jennifer is a member of the Australian women’s basketball team, and was hit by a motor vehicle
while crossing a road in Queensland, Australia. Jennifer was no longer able to play basketball
due to her injuries. The driver was insured with a Queensland insurance company, RACQ
Insurance, which paid her an undissected lump sum of $2 million in settlement for claims of
loss of earning capacity and medical costs.
ITAA 1997 lists 12 discrete categories of CGT events. Some events, such as the disposal of a CGT
asset, occur frequently, while other events have limited application. The 12 categories of CGT
events are as follows:
1. Disposal of a CGT asset – CGT event A1.
2. Use and enjoyment of the asset before title passes – CGT event B1.
3. End of a CGT asset – CGT events C1–C3.
4. Bringing into existence a CGT asset – CGT events D1–D4.
5. Events relating to trusts – CGT event E1–E9.
6. Events relating to leases – CGT events F1–F5.
7. Events relating to shares – CGT events G1–G3.
8. Special capital receipts – CGT events H1 and H2.
9. Australian residency ends – CGT events I1 and I2.
10. CGT events relating to rollovers – CGT events J1, J2, J4–J6.
11. Other CGT events – CGT events K2–K12.
12. Events relating to consolidated groups and multiple entry consolidated (MEC) Groups –
CGT events L1–L8.
Which CGT categories, from the list above, would the lump sum payment of $2 million fall
into?
(a) D1–D4 and C1–C3.
(b) K2–K12.
(c) A1.
(d) H1–H2.
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Question 31
Jason Rawlins accepts employment with a firm of accountants. He learns that promotion within
the firm depends upon the standard of his work and the attainment of a degree in accounting.
As a consequence of this knowledge, Jason enrols as a part-time student in an accounting
degree program and incurs the following expenses:

$
Student union fees$89
Books247
Photocopying45
Purchases of writing materials70
Travelling expenses from work to university276
Higher Education Assistance/HECS/HELP983

What deductions, if any, is Jason entitled to claim?
(a) $477.
(b) $727.
(c) $1,460.
(d) $201.
Question 32
Complete Tapware is a small manufacturer of tapware. In order to secure new warehouse
premises, Complete Tapware was required to prepay two years rent at a cost of $25,000 per
annum. The lease commenced on the 1 May 2017. The taxpayer has elected not to apply the
small business entity (SBE) concessions.
What is Complete Tapware’s deduction in respect of prepaid rent for the year ended 30 June
2017 (ignoring the impact of leap years)?
(a) $25,000.
(b) $50,000.
(c) $4,178.
(d) $8,616.
Question 33
The trustee of the XYZ Trust makes a distribution of $40,000 to James Bennett, who is mentally
handicapped, and presently entitled to the distribution.
Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the status of the beneficiary?
(a) The beneficiary is presently entitled to a share of the net income of a trust estate.
(b) The beneficiary is presently entitled to a share of the net income of a trust estate but is under
a legal disability.
(c) The beneficiary is not presently entitled.
(d) The beneficiary cannot receive any distribution from the trust.
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Question 34
Sue and Allan are the only two beneficiaries of a discretionary trust created by their
grandfather. Sue resides in the United States and Allan is a resident of Australia.
The beneficiaries are aged 22 and 17 respectively.
During the 2016–2017 year, the trustee received a net dividend of $3,400 from a company
resident in the USA, on which withholding tax at 15% had been deducted at source, and a fully
franked dividend of $3,300 that is fully franked from a resident Australian company that has a
corporate tax rate for imputation purposes of 30%.
What amount is included in Sue’s taxable income if the trust distribution is distributed equally
between the beneficiaries?
(a) Nil.
(b) $4,357.
(c) $2,357.
(d) $4,057.
Question 35
Which of the following statements is true of trusts?
(a) Dividends are ‘grossed-up’ for partnerships but not for trusts.
(b) Trust losses are trapped within the trust and cannot be distributed to beneficiaries.
(c) Beneficiaries with a legal disability are not considered to be ‘presently entitled’.
(d) Capital gains/losses in trusts must be distributed equally to each beneficiary.
Question 36
Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the status of a complying
superannuation fund?
(a) A complying superannuation fund is taxed concessionally at 15% (except for special
income).
(b) A complying superannuation fund does not receive concessional tax rates.
(c) Investment earnings received by a complying superannuation fund from its investments are
taxed at 30%.
(d) Rollovers into a complying superannuation fund are taxed at 5%.
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Question 37
Jane Wakefield is aged 59 years and is eligible for a pension under the Veteran’s Entitlement Act
1986 (Cth). During the 2016–2017 income tax year her income comprised:
• Superannuation pension (income stream from her complying superannuation fund made
up of $10,000 taxable component and $6,670 tax-free component).
• Interest as per Australian bank statements: $47.
• Net interest received from the UK: $900 (10% withholding tax was deducted).
Jane is entitled to tax deductions of $247 and her bank statements showed that $22 in TFN tax
was paid.
What is Jane’s taxable income for the income year ended 30 June 2017?
(a) $17,470.
(b) $800.
(c) $10,800.
(d) $11,047.
Question 38
Read the following extract from FC of T v. Applegate 79 ATC 4307 and then answer the question
below.
The taxpayer, a solicitor employed by a Sydney firm, was sent to Vila in the New Hebrides to establish a
branch office for the firm. On being posted to Vila, the taxpayer surrendered the lease on his Sydney flat
and left with his wife, who was expecting their first child. After spending the first two weeks in a hotel,
the couple moved into leased premises (the term of the lease being one year with an option to renew for
a further year).
The taxpayer obtained a New Hebrides residency permit and was also admitted to practice as a legal
practitioner in the New Hebrides. He left no assets in Australia but retained membership of a hospital
benefits fund.
It had been anticipated by the taxpayer and his firm that his stay in Vila would be of a substantial (but
undefined) period. However, it was always intended that he would ultimately return to live in Australia
and work in the Sydney office of the firm. In fact, after a stay of only two years in Vila, the taxpayer’s
ill-health forced him to end his stay early and return to Australia.
Which of the following statements most accurately reflects the taxpayer’s residency status?
(a) The taxpayer ultimately intended to return to Australia, and therefore was a non-resident
during the two-year period.
(b) The taxpayer’s ‘permanent place of abode outside Australia’ is to be read as something less
than a ‘permanent place of abode’ in which the taxpayer intends to reside for the rest of his
life.
(c) The taxpayer had established a ‘permanent place of abode’ outside Australia, and therefore
was a non-resident during the two-year period.
(d) The taxpayer’s stay is purely temporary and intends to move on or to return to Australia,
and therefore is a resident for taxation purposes.
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Question 39
Read the following extract from FC of T v. The Myer Emporium Ltd (1987) 87 ATC 4363,
163 CLR 199 and then answer the question below.
The taxpayer carried on the business of retail trading and property development and also acted as a
finance company for other companies in its group. In order to obtain funding to diversify its operations
the taxpayer entered into the following prearranged series of transactions:
(a) On 6 March 1981, the taxpayer lent $80 million to Myer Finance Ltd (Myer Finance), a shelf
company of the taxpayer, acquired on 20 February 1981. The loan agreement between the taxpayer
and Myer Finance provided that Myer Finance was required to repay the loan ‘on but not prior to’
30 June 1988 and that interest at the commercial rate of 12.5% per annum was to be payable on the
loaned funds on dates set out in the loan agreement. The total interest to be payable amounted to
$72 million. An initial payment of interest only, in the sum of $82,182, was paid on the date the loan
was made.
(b) On 9 March 1981, the taxpayer assigned to Citicorp Canberra Pty Ltd (Citicorp) (which had
accumulated tax losses) ‘the moneys due or to become due as the interest payments and interest
thereon’ in consideration of Citicorp paying the taxpayer a lump sum of $45.37 million on the day.
The above transactions were interrelated in that the taxpayer would not have made the loan to
Myer Finance unless Citicorp had agreed in advance to pay for the assigned interest.
Which of the following statements most accurately describes the $45.37 million lump sum
payment?
(a) The transaction was an isolated transaction outside the ordinary course of business, and
therefore a capital asset was extinguished with the payment of $45.37 million.
(b) The two transactions, namely the loan agreement and the assignment, were essential and
integral elements of an overall scheme, that being a profit-making scheme.
(c) The two transactions arose outside the ordinary course of business, and therefore were
capital by nature.
(d) There had been no profit arising from the transaction as the $45.37 million received was
merely an amount equal to the value of the chose in action which it had assigned, namely
the right to receive future interest from the debt.
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Question 40
Read the following extract from RACV Insurance Pty Ltd v. FC of T 74 ATC 4169 and then answer
the question below.
The taxpayer carried on both a ‘comprehensive’ and a ‘compulsory third party’ motor car insurance
business.
Under the Motor Car Act 1958 (Vic.), the taxpayer was liable to indemnify its insured in respect of
compulsory third party personal injury claims even if no notice of the claims had been given to the
taxpayer by its insured.
In the relevant year of income, the taxpayer claimed a $1.5 million deduction under s. 51(1) of the ITAA
1936 in respect of ‘unreported claims’ in relation to its compulsory third party insurance business. The
unreported claims represented the taxpayer’s estimate of its liability in respect of claims arising out of
accidents which had occurred before the end of the income year but which had not been reported to
the taxpayer by such time. The taxpayer’s estimate was based on estimates provided by its experienced
claims officers. The taxpayer argued that its estimate in respect of unreported claims should be an
allowable deduction because the accidents were events which gave rise to its liability to indemnify its
insured and as these events were incurred in the relevant income year they should be deductible in that
year.
Which of the following statements most accurately describes the $1.5 million deduction in
respect of ‘unreported claims’?
(a) The taxpayer had incurred a loss or outgoing in the relevant year of income in respect of its
unreported claims, as the liability to indemnify its insured had arisen in the relevant year
and the liability was subject to reasonable estimate.
(b) The amount of the outgoing for unreported claims could not be precisely determined, and
therefore a deduction could not be claimed.
(c) The taxpayer incurred no liability to indemnify its insured until it had been determined by
settlement or court order that its insured were liable to pay to third parties a quantified sum
and that no loss or outgoing had been incurred until such time.
(d) In order for a loss or outgoing to have been incurred in gaining or producing assessable
income or in carrying on the business which produces the assessable income, the taxpayer
must have ‘completely subjected himself ’ to the loss or outgoing.
Chartered Accountants Program Taxation
Assumed knowledge quiz Page 17
AKQ
Solutions
Question 1
The correct answer is (a).
Section 6-1 states that assessable income consists of ordinary income and statutory income.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): If your taxable income for the year is less than $18,200 then
you pay no tax.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): Taxable income is the difference between total assessable
income less allowable deductions.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): Assessable income does include statutory income.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 2
The correct answer is (c).
In FCT v. Raymor (NSW) Pty Ltd (1990) the court allowed a deduction where a prepayment was
made for trading stock at the end of one income year, with the trading stock not being delivered
until the following income year.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): Trading stock is incurred in gaining or producing assessable
income.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): Trading stock is not of a capital nature
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): Prepayments are allowable deductions but generally the
taxpayer must apportion the expense over the income year that the expense relates to.
Section 70-15 now defers the deduction until the stock is on hand or an amount is included in
assessable income in relation to trading stock.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 3
The correct answer is (c).

Net partnership loss$10,000
Add back salary paid to Kevin$20,000
Net income of partnership$10,000

Partner salaries are not expenses of the partnership but are a means by which partnership
profits are distributed. Consequently, they are not deductible in calculating the partnership
income or loss for tax purposes.
The $20,000 salary paid to Kevin as partner represents a distribution of partnership profits in
advance. As the partnership’s net income was only $10,000, which has all been allocated to
Kevin due to his salary entitlement, the excess of $10,000 of available profits will be assessable
to him in a future year when sufficient profits are available.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): This answer would only recognise the $10,000 loss and
ignore salaries paid of $20,000.
Taxation Chartered Accountants Program
Page 18 Assumed knowledge quiz
AKQ
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): This answer would not recognise a loss in the partnership.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): This answer would recognise the salaries as allowable
deductions in the partnership, increasing the loss to $30,000.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 4
Correct answer is (d).
Australia has two distinct court systems:
1. Federal
2. State and territory.
The District Court or (County Court in Victoria) is a state jurisdiction court.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): The Administrative Appeals Tribunal is not a court, but has
the jurisdiction to review decisions made under the Commonwealth jurisdiction.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): The Federal Court has the jurisdiction to hear an appeal
decision.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): The High Court has the jurisdiction to hear an appeal
decision.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 5
The correct answer is (b).
PAYG is the Australian taxation system for withholding tax from employees, and other payees,
in their regular payments from employers. The system calculates an annual income on the basis
of weekly or fortnightly payment. The appropriate amount of tax is then withheld until it is
passed onto the ATO.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): The PAYG instalment system most accurately describes the
collection of taxation for companies, superfunds and individuals with business or investment
income.
Feedback for incorrect (c): The notional tax adjusted for movement in the CPI describes the
calculation of the amount to be remitted to the ATO in the PAYG instalment system.
Feedback for incorrect (d): Amounts withheld from contractors who do not supply an ABN
apply to the GST system of collecting tax.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 6
The correct answer is (b).
Items 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 11 are included as assessable income. Items 7, 8, 9, 10 are not included.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): Item 10 is not included as assessable income.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): Item 7 is not included as assessable income.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): Items 9 and 10 are not included as assessable income.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Chartered Accountants Program Taxation
Assumed knowledge quiz Page 19
AKQ
Question 7
The correct answer is (c).

Opening balance (01.07.2016)$300,000 Cash Received$600,000
Income$550,000 Closing Balance (30.06.2017)$250,000
$850,000$850,000

The issue of when income is derived is crucial for determining when income will be taxed.
Under a progressive tax system, this means that the point of derivation of income can have
practical effects on the tax rate and tax payable, with obvious cash flow consequences.
One must decide whether the accounting basis provides a ‘correct reflex of the true income of
the taxpayer’ (Carden’s case.).
The court upheld in Carden’s case (a country doctor in South Australia) that the ‘cash or receipts
method’ of returning income more accurately reflected the income derived during the tax year
than the ‘earnings or accruals’ basis.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): Is incorrect as the opening debtors of $300,000 is used as the
accrual amount.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): Is incorrect as the calculation is:
Opening debtors $300,000 + $600,000 – closing debtors $250,000 = $650,000
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): Is incorrect as the closing debtors of $250,000 is used as the
accrual amount.
For further information: Refer guidelines in Taxation Ruling TR98/1, Optional textbook –
Australian Taxation Law
Question 8
The correct answer is (a).

$
Taxable income91,677
Tax payable21,552.49
Add: Medicare levy1,833.54
Less: Franking credit(1,637.14)
PAYG payments(29,985)
Refund(8,236.11)

Feedback for incorrect answer (b): Franking credit ($1,637.14) not grossed-up and included in
assessable income.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): Franking credit ($1,637.14) not taken into the calculation for
the refund.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): Medicare levy ($1,833.54) not calculated.
Taxation Chartered Accountants Program
Page 20 Assumed knowledge quiz
AKQ

(b) Franking credit
($1,637.14) not grossed
up and included in
assessable income
$
(c) Franking credit
($1,637.14) not taken in
the calculation
of the refund
$
(d) Medicare levy
($1,833.54) not
calculated and franking
credit not taken in the
calculation of the refund
$
Taxable income90,04091,67791,677
Tax payable20,946.8021,552.4921,552.49
Add: Medicare levy1,800.801,833.54
Less: Franking Credit
PAYG payments(29,985)(29,985)(29,985)
Refund(7,237.40)(6,598.97)(8,432.51)

For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 9
The correct answer is (d).
Income is not taken to be derived until the service or goods has been supplied. Full High Court
Decision:
1. The taxpayer derived the prepaid tuition tees in the year in which the tuition was provided
rather than the year in which the fees were received.
2. As a general rule fees received in advance of the performance of services for which they are
paid are not at the moment of receipt to be regarded as income of the taxpayer.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): This case is about foreign source income derived by a nonresident.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): This case is about the nature of capital expenditure and
claiming a deduction for repairs.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): This case concerns the relevant year of income in which
the taxpayer claimed a $1.5 million deduction under s. 51(1) of the ITAA 1936 in relation to
estimated insurance claims that were incurred but unreported.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 10
The correct answer is (d).
The application of the benchmark rule does not always result in a company having a franking
deficit balance. There is not enough information to determine whether the application of the
benchmark rule has resulted in the company having a franking deficit balance.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): Overfranking dividends can result in excess debits to the
franking account leading to a franking deficit balance.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b) and (c): Income tax payments and franking credits received
are credited to the franking account. Insufficient income tax payments and franking credits can
result in less credits in the franking account and a franking deficit balance.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Chartered Accountants Program Taxation
Assumed knowledge quiz Page 21
AKQ
Question 11
The correct answer is (c).
Division 7A provisions are anti-avoidance measures aimed at preventing private companies
from making tax-free distributions of profits to shareholders (or their associates).
Unless they come within specific exclusions, amounts paid or loaned to shareholders, or
shareholder debts (owed to the company) that are forgiven, are deemed to be dividends to the
extent that a private company has a distributable surplus.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): Private companies are taxed at a lower rate to public
companies if they satisfy the definition of a small business entity (or base rate entity) for tax
purposes.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): Dividends paid by private companies can be franked to
100%.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): A rebate of tax does not exist for private company
dividends.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 12
The correct answer is (b).
There would be a fringe benefit with a taxable value of $100,000 × 1.65% = $1,650. The FBT
taxable value amount is calculated using the difference between the actual interest rate and the
statutory interest rate.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): The amount is calculated as:
$100, 000 × 4.0% = $4,000. The amount is calculated using the loan interest rate only.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): This amount is calculated as:
$1,650× 1.9608 = $3,235. This is the grossed-up value for FBT. While the grossed-up amount
is correct, it is not what the question asked for.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): The amount is calculated as:
$100,000 x 5.65% = $5,650. The amount is calculated using the statutory interest rate only.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 13
The correct answer is (a).
GST is a broad-based consumption tax not FBT.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): The FBT tax rate is 49% of the grossed-up value for the
current FBT year.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): All taxable entities must pay FBT tax (if they are liable for
FBT).
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): FBT is an allowable deduction to the employer in each tax
year.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Taxation Chartered Accountants Program
Page 22 Assumed knowledge quiz
AKQ
Question 14
The correct answer is (c).
The taxable value is:

$
Total benefit660
Less: Business component – 30%(198)
Private component – 70%462
Less: employee contributions(220)
Taxable value242

Feedback for incorrect answer (a): Business component not reduced.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): Taxable value of $462 not reduced by the employee
contribution of $220.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): Taxable value of $242 is grossed-up. While this is the correct
grossed-up value, it is not what the question asked for.

(a) Business
component
not deducted
(b) Taxable
value of $462
ignores the
employee
contribution of
$220
(d) Taxable
value of
$242 × 2.1463
(gross-up
factor)
Total benefit$660$660$660
Less: Business componentNil$198$198
Private component$462$462
Less: Employee contributions$220Nil$220
Taxable value$440$462$242
Gross-up factor (2.1463)$519

For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 15
The correct answer is (c).
The $50,000 paid for John agreeing not to compete is on capital count because John is giving
up his right to compete (an asset) in exchange for the sum (Dickenson v. FCT). The $5,000 John
received for advertising David’s business is income according to ordinary concepts, being
income earned from the provision of services (Dixon v. FCT).
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): The $50,000 payment is on capital account. Only the $5,000
advertising payment is ordinary income.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): Nil is incorrect. The $5,000 advertising payment is ordinarily
income.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): $50,000 is incorrect as the payment is on capital account (see
correct feedback).
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Chartered Accountants Program Taxation
Assumed knowledge quiz Page 23
AKQ
Question 16
The correct answer is (a).
The FBT year of tax is 1 April to 31 March.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): The FBT year is not the calendar year.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): The FBT year is not the financial year.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): The FBT year is not correct.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 17
The correct answer is (c).
The payments were of an income nature as the taxpayer was able to enlist with the expectation
that he could depend on the supplement received from his employer.
The payments were of an income nature as they were a substitute for wages that the taxpayer
would otherwise have received.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): Income must be received on a regular basis, and is not a
lump sum benefit.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): Whilst income may be a quantifiable amount, there is no
reference in the scenario to it being received on a regular basis.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): The relationship does not need to always be between
employer and employee.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 18
The correct answer is (c).
$3,000,000 × 2 ⁄6 = $1,000,000
The formula for diminishing value (ignoring the impact of leap years) is:

Base value × Days held×200%
365Asset’s effective life

Feedback for incorrect answer (a): ($3,000,000 – $100,000) × 1 ⁄6 = $483,333. The prime cost
method has been used and the base value has been reduced by the residual value.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): $3,000,000 × 1 ⁄6 = $500,000. The prime cost method has been
used.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): ($3,000,000 – $100,000) × 2 ⁄6 = $966,667. The base value has
been reduced by the residual value.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Taxation Chartered Accountants Program
Page 24 Assumed knowledge quiz
AKQ
Question 19
The correct answer is (c).
$60,000 × 273 ⁄365 × 1 ⁄8 = $5,610
The formula for prime cost (ignoring the impact of leap years) is:

Base value × Days held×100%
365Asset’s effective life

Feedback for incorrect answer (a): $60,000 ÷ 8 = $7,500. This does not apportion for the days
held.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): $60,000 ÷ 8 × 9 ⁄12 = $5,625. This uses monthly apportionment
when the formula requires days apportionment.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): $60,000 × 9 ⁄12 × 2 ⁄8 = $11,250. This uses monthly
apportionment and the diminishing value method.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 20
The correct answer is (a).
To prove Part IVA:
• there must be a scheme, and
• there must be a tax benefit – compare the actual tax position with that which might
reasonably have occurred but for the transaction being entered into, and
• The taxpayer must have entered into a scheme with the purpose of enabling them to obtain
a tax benefit (the ‘dominant purpose’ test or ‘principal purpose’ test for significant global
entities).
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): (1) It must be defined as a scheme, (2) no tax benefit
mentioned.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): None of the three tests is present.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): None of the three tests is present.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Chartered Accountants Program Taxation
Assumed knowledge quiz Page 25
AKQ
Question 21
The correct answer is (a).

GST sales$3,000
GST purchases($2,000)
PAYG income tax instalment$5,000
PAYG instalment$2,500
$8,500

Feedback for incorrect answer (b), (c) and (d):

(b)(c)(d)
GST sales$3,000$3,000$3,000
Export sales$400$400
GST purchases($2,000)($2,000)($2,000)
Input tax supplies($100)($100)
PAYG income tax instalment$5,000$5,000$5,000
PAYG instalment$2,500$2,500$2,500
$8,400$8,800$8,900

For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 22
The correct answer is (a).
The cost of replacing the three tiles ($200) to restore the roof to its former undamaged state,
would be a repair and deductible under s. 25-10.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): The replacement of the front window only 10 days after
acquiring the property would be classed as an initial repair. Likewise, the removal of part of
the front fence would not be a repair because there was no decay or damage to the fence that
required its restoration.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): The removal of part of front fence would not be a repair
because there was no decay or damage to the fence that required its restoration.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): Claiming a nil repair deduction would not take into account
the necessity to replace three roof tiles after a tree branch had fallen over the roof. This would
be a repair to the roof of $200.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Taxation Chartered Accountants Program
Page 26 Assumed knowledge quiz
AKQ
Question 23
The correct answer is (d).
Section 25-25 provides that expenditure incurred in borrowing money is deductible if the
money is used by the taxpayer to produce assessable income. Legal fees of $1,600, procuration
fees of $400 and the valuation fee of $80 each qualify as a borrowing expense. However, only
$160,000 of the $200,000 borrowed is used to produce assessable income. The $80 valuation fee
is not deductible (or apportionable) as it relates exclusively to the taxpayer’s home.
As the loan has not been repaid, s. 25-25(5) requires the deduction to be spread over the period
of the loan or five years, whichever is the shorter.
The borrowing cost deduction for the 2016–2017 year would be $80, determined as follows:
$2,000 ÷ 1825 days (ignoring the impact of leap years) = $1.10 per day
91 days in 2016–2017 tax year × $1.10 = $100
$100 × $160,000 ÷ $200,000 = $80
The amount paid to discharge the mortgage on the taxpayer’s home is not deductible under
s. 25-30 as the expenditure is used to repay money used to acquire the taxpayer’s home rather
than to produce assessable income.
The interest deduction for the 2016-2017 year would be $2,992, determined as follows:
$160,000 × 0.075 × 91 ÷ 365 days = $2,992
The total deduction for 2016–2017 = $80 + $2,992 = $3,072.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): Following the above calculation for interest but on total loan:
$200,000 × 0.075 × 91 ÷ 365 days = $3,740 plus $80 = $3,820
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): Only claiming the interest on the business portion of the
loan (see above).
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): Only claiming the interest but on the total amount of the
loan (see (a) above).
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 24
The correct answer is (b).

$
Tables24,000
Chairs27,000
Cutlery and crockery21,000
Other assets 15% × $105,00015,750
Depreciation87,750

Feedback for incorrect answer (a), (c) and (d):

(a)$(c)$(d)$
Tables24,000Tables24,000Tables24,000
Chair27,000Chairs27,000Chairs27,000
Cutlery and crockery21,000Cutlery and crockery21,000Cutlery and crockery21,000

Chartered Accountants Program Taxation
Assumed knowledge quiz Page 27
AKQ

(a)$(c)$(d)$
Other assetsOther assets105,000Other assets – 30% ×
$105,000
31,500
Depreciation72,000Total177,000Depreciation103,500
Depreciation
@ 15% × $177,000
26,550

For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 25
The correct answer is (b).

$$
Net profit800,000
Add back:
Accounting depreciation90,000
LSL provision160,000
Doubtful debts60,000
Net capital gain80,000390,000
1,190,000
Less:
Capital profit(150,000)
Tax depreciation(120,000)
Bad debts written off( 30,000)(300,000)
Taxable income890,000

Feedback for incorrect answer (a):

$$
Net profit800,000
Add back:
Accounting depreciation90,000
LSL provision160,000
Doubtful debts60,000
Net capital gain80,000390,000
1,190,000
Less:
Tax depreciation(120,000)
Bad debts written off(30,000)(150,000)
Taxable income1,040,000

Taxation Chartered Accountants Program
Page 28 Assumed knowledge quiz
AKQ
Feedback for incorrect answer (c):

$$
Net profit800,000
Add back:
Accounting depreciation90,000
LSL provision160,000
Doubtful debts60,000
Net capital gain80,000390,000
1,190,000
Less:
Tax depreciation(120,000)
Capital profits(150,000)(270,000)
Taxable income920,000

Feedback for incorrect answer (d):

$$
Net profit800,000
Add back:
Less:
Tax depreciation(120,000)
Bad debts written off(30,000)
Capital profits(150,000)(300,000)
Taxable income500,000

For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 26
The correct answer is (c).

$
Net profit per account248,000
Add: franking credits ($28,000 x 30/70) + ($20,000 x 30/70) =
(12,000 + 6,000)
18,000
Total taxable income266,000
Tax on taxable income of $266,000 × 30%79,800
Less: franking credit tax offset(18,000)
Net tax payable61,800

Chartered Accountants Program Taxation
Assumed knowledge quiz Page 29
AKQ
Feedback for incorrect answer (a), (b) and (d):

(a)$(b)$(d)$
Net profit per account248,000Net profit per account248,000Net Profit per account248,000
Add: franking credits
($12,000 + $6,000)
18,000Add: franking credits
($12,000 + $8,571)
20,571
Total taxable income266,000Total taxable income248,000Total taxable income268,571
Primary tax on taxable
income of
$266,000 × 30%
79,800Primary tax on taxable
income of
$248,000 × 30%
74,400Primary tax on taxable
income of
$268,571 × 30%
80,571
Less: franking credit tax
offset
(20,571)
Net tax payable60,000

For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 27
The correct answer is (a).
$180,000 (ordinary income) × 12% = $21,600 per quarter.
Capital gains are not included in instalment income, and are therefore ignored when calculating
PAYG instalments.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): $180,000 + $6,000 = $186,000 × 12% = $22,320 (capital gains
included in the calculation).
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): $180,000 (ordinary income) x 15% = $27,000 (incorrect
instalment rate).
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): $180,000 × 30% = $54,000 (ignores the 12% rate).
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 28
The correct answer is (d).
21 May = US$250,000 ÷ 0.65 = A$384,615.
15 June = US$250,000 ÷ 0.60 = A$416,667.
Difference = A$416,667 – A$384,615 = A$32,052 (loss).
Feedback for incorrect answers (a):
1 May = US$250,000 × 0.65 = A$162,500
15 June = US$250,000 × 0.60 = A$150,000
Difference = $162,500 – $150,000 = A$12,500 gain.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): No exchange gain or loss is based on paying the original
amount of the invoice: A$384,615.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): Interpreting the calculation in (a) above for an exchange loss
of $12,500.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Taxation Chartered Accountants Program
Page 30 Assumed knowledge quiz
AKQ
Question 29
The correct answer is (a).

$
Capital gain100,000
Less: current year capital loss(10,000)
prior year capital loss(30,000)
60,000
Less:50% general discount(30,000)
Net capital gain30,000

Feedback for incorrect answers (b), (c) and (d):

(b)$(c)$(d)$
Capital gain100,000Capital gain100,000Capital gain100,000
Less:current capital loss(10,000)Less: current capital loss(10,000)Less: current capital loss(10,000)
prior capital loss(30,000)prior capital lossprior capital loss
90,00090,000
Less:50% general discLess:50% general disc(45,000)Less:50% general disc(45,000)
prior capital lossprior capital loss(30,000)prior capital loss
Net capital gain60,000Net capital gain15,000Net capital gain45,000

For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 30
The correct answer is (a).
As a result of the accident, Jennifer has acquired a CGT asset – the right to seek compensation
for the losses sustained – at the time the injury was suffered (CGT event D1). Jennifer disposed
of her asset (the right to compensation) when the claim was settled (at which time CGT event
C2 occurred).
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): The CGT event is covered by D1 and C2 and therefore the
category other CGT events is not required.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): CGT event A1 (disposal of CGT asset) is not correct as the
asset was not disposed.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): CGT events H1 and H2 are also not special capital receipts
but rather are covered by D1 and C2.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Chartered Accountants Program Taxation
Assumed knowledge quiz Page 31
AKQ
Question 31
The correct answer is (a).
$89 + $247 + $45 + $70 + $276 – $250 = $477
All expenses excluding the HECS amount of $983 (s. 26-20) would be allowable deductions;
however, the first $250 of all education expenses incurred at an educational institution would be
treated as self-education under s. 82A(2), and denied as a deduction.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): The first $250 incurred has not been deducted (see above).
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): This amount includes the higher education amount of $983
(after deducting the first $250).
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): This amount does not include the $276 travelling expenses
from work to university and the higher education amount of $983.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 32
The correct answer is (c).
The expenditure must be apportioned over the eligible service period to which the expenditure
relates as per ss 82KZMA and 82KZMD. The eligible service period is 730 days and there are 61
days in the current year. Therefore the deduction calculation would be as follows:
61 ÷ 730 × $50,000 = $4,178
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): To claim $25,000 would ignore the requirement to apportion
the deduction over the eligible service period as per s. 82KZMD in determining the amount to
claim as a deduction. The amount paid must be apportioned over the period of the lease.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): To claim $50,000 would ignore the requirement to apportion
the deduction over the eligible service period as per s. 82KZMD in determining the amount to
claim as a deduction. The amount paid must be apportioned over the period of the lease.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): This would be an incorrect calculation using the following
formula: 61 ÷ 354 × $50,000 = $8,616.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 33
The correct answer is (b).
A beneficiary who is presently entitled to or has a vested and indefeasible interest in any of the
income of a trust estate, but is under a legal disability, will have his or her share of net income
assessed to tax in the hands of the trustee. The trustee will be liable to pay tax thereon as if it
were the income of an individual taxpayer not subject to any deductions (s. 98).
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): A beneficiary who is presently entitled to or has a vested
and indefeasible interest in any of the income of a trust estate, cannot be under a legal disability.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): For a beneficiary to be not presently entitled only occurs in
a limited range of circumstances, of which the most important are deceased estates, bankruptcy
and insolvent estates.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): Even though James Bennett has a mental disability he is still
entitled to receive distributions from the trust.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Taxation Chartered Accountants Program
Page 32 Assumed knowledge quiz
AKQ
Question 34
The correct answer is (a).
Sue is a beneficiary who is presently entitled to trust income and is not under a legal disability.
As a non-resident she is only liable for tax on Australian-sourced trust income. The distribution
to her includes an Australian-sourced fully franked dividend. However, as it is a dividend paid
to a non-resident (indirectly via a trust in this case), it is subject to Australia’s withholding tax
rules and is treated as non-assessable, non-exempt income of Sue. Note: As it is fully franked,
there is no withholding tax obligation.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b):

$
Australian dividends3,300
Gross-up franking credit1,414
Dividend from the USA3,400
Gross-up for withholding tax600
Net income8,714
Distribution as per trustee’s resolution:
Allan (aged 17)4,357
Sue (aged 22)4,357

The distribution is not taxable to Sue in Australia for the reasons stated in (a) above.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c):

$
Australian dividends3,300
Gross-up for franking credit1,414
Net income4,714
Distribution as per trustee’s resolution:
Allan (aged 17)2,357
Sue (aged 22)2,357

This answer excludes the dividend from the USA and the gross-up for withholding tax.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d):

$
Australian dividends3,300
Gross-up for franking credit1,414
Dividend from the USA3,400
Net Income8,114
Distribution as per trustee’s resolution:
Allan (aged 17)4.,057
Sue (aged 22)4,057

This answer excludes the withholding tax gross-up from the USA dividend.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Chartered Accountants Program Taxation
Assumed knowledge quiz Page 33
AKQ
Question 35
The correct answer is (b).
Unlike partnerships, loses incurred by a trust are trapped in the trust and cannot be distributed
to beneficiaries. The loss can be carried forward within the trust for offset against future
assessable income.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): Dividends are grossed-up for partnerships and trusts.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): Beneficiaries with a legal disability are presently entitled to a
distribution; however, the trustee will be liable to pay tax thereon.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): The trust deed will determine if the trustee has the power to
stream net capital gains and/or franked dividends to specific beneficiaries
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 36
The correct answer is (a).
Funds which comply with the Superannuation Industry (Supervision) Act 1993 (SISA) qualify
for concessional tax rates. A complying super fund is taxed at 15%.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): Complying superannuation funds are taxed concessionally
at 15%.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): Investments earnings are taxed at 15%.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): There is generally no tax payable. A rollover is the
mechanism by which a superannuation balance is transferred from one super fund to another
super fund.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 37
The correct answer is (c).

(a)
$
Superannuation pension (taxable component only)10,000
Interest from Australian sources47
Interest received from UK900
Gross-up interest for withholding tax100
Total11,047
Less: Deductions(247)
Taxable income10,800

Taxation Chartered Accountants Program
Page 34 Assumed knowledge quiz
AKQ
Feedback for incorrect answer (a), (b) and (d):

(a)
$
(b)
$
(d)
$
Superannuation pension (taxable component only)10,00010,000
Superannuation pension – tax free6,670Nil
Interest from Australian sources474747
Interest received from UK900900900
Gross-up interest for withholding tax100100100
Total17,7171,04711,047
Less: Deductions(247)(247)Nil
Taxable income17,47080011,047

For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 38
The correct answer is (c).
The Full Federal Court decision:
The taxpayer, during the period of his stay in Vila, had established a permanent place of abode
outside Australia within the meaning of that term in the definition of resident, notwithstanding that he
ultimately intended to return to Australia.
Accordingly, the taxpayer was a non-resident during the two-year period he spent in Vila and the salary
earned by him in Vila was therefore exempt from Australian tax under Section 23(r) of the Act.
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): Even though the taxpayer intended to return to Australia, he
had established ‘a permanent place of abode’ outside Australia.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): Permanent in this context does not mean ‘everlasting’.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): The taxpayer’s stay in Vila for two years could not be
considered temporary when testing for ‘permanent place of abode’.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 39
The correct answer is (b).
The Full High Court Decision per Mason ACJ:
Although it is well settled that a profit or gain made in the ordinary course of carrying on a business
constitutes income, it does not follow that a profit or gain made in a transaction entered into otherwise
than in the ordinary course of carrying on the taxpayer’s business is not income.
The Commissioner treated the lump sum of $45.37 million received as an income receipt
assessable to the taxpayer under s. 25 (1) of the ITAA 1936.
The Commissioner also contended that $45.37 million constituted a profit assessable under
the second limb of s. 26 (a) as a profit arising from the carrying on or carrying out of a profitmaking undertaking or scheme of the taxpayer.
Both the Victorian Supreme Court and the Full Federal Court held that the lump sum was a
capital receipt. The Commissioner appealed to the Full High Court.
Chartered Accountants Program Taxation
Assumed knowledge quiz Page 35
AKQ
Feedback for incorrect answer (a): The fact that this was an isolated transaction does not
exclude it from the possibility of being a transaction in the ordinary course of a taxpayer’s
profit-making business and income.
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): Although the transactions, more particularly the assignment,
were novel in the sense that it was the first time that the taxpayer had entered into such an
arrangement, this fact did not take the transactions outside the ordinary course of the carrying
on of the taxpayer’s profit-making business and on capital account.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): The consideration payable for the assignment reflected the
true value of the chosen action which [the taxpayer] assigned. But once the two transactions are
seen as integral elements in one profit-making scheme, it is apparent that [the taxpayer] made a
relevant profit.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Question 40
The correct answer is (a).
The Supreme Court of Victoria Decision per Menhennitt J:
The taxpayer had incurred a loss or outgoing in the relevant year of income in respect of its unreported
claims under Section 51 (1) as the liability to indemnify its insured had arisen in the relevant year and
the liability was subject to reasonable estimate.
Feedback for incorrect answer (b): The fact that an amount cannot be precisely determined,
does not prevent the loss or outgoing from being deductible under s. 51 (1).
Feedback for incorrect answer (c): It is necessary to consider the nature of the business being
carried on. The essence of insurance business is that, in respect of each class of risk insured
against, the insurance company aims to satisfy its liabilities to the policy holders who actually
experience the risk primarily out of the total of the premiums paid by all the policy holders,
most of whom normally do not experience the risk.
Feedback for incorrect answer (d): ‘Incurred’ includes ‘encountered’, ‘run into’, or ‘fallen upon’.
The taxpayer had ‘completely subjected himself’ (James Flood Pty Ltd) to the loss or outgoing.
For further information: Optional textbook – Australian Taxation Law.
Page 36 Assumed knowledge quiz
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